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text-align: left;">一、合同解除的效力</p><p><br style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;"/></p><p style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;">我国《合同法》第97条规定:“合同解除后åQŒå°šæœªåï–行的åQŒç»ˆæ­¢åï–行;已经履行的,æ ÒŽ®å±¥è¡Œæƒ…况和合同性质åQŒå½“事äh可以è¯äh±‚恢复原状åQŒæˆ–者采取其他补救措施,òq¶æœ‰æƒè¦æ±‚赔偿损失。”本条规定了合同解除的效力。合同解除的效力ž®±æ˜¯åˆåŒè§£é™¤æ‰€äº§ç”Ÿçš„法律后果。我国《合同法》从实际出发åQŒå€Ÿé‰´å›½å¤–¾léªŒåQŒéµå¾ªç»‹¹Žæ´»åŠ¨é«˜æ•ˆçš„原则åQŒå¯¹åˆåŒè§£é™¤çš„效力作了比较灵‹zȝš„规定åQŒæ˜¯é‡‡å–具体问题具体分析的态度来解军_ˆåŒè§£é™¤æ˜¯å¦å…·æœ‰æº¯åŠåŠ›ã€‚所谓根据åï–行情况,是指æ ÒŽ®å±¥è¡Œéƒ¨åˆ†å¯¹å€ºæƒçš„媄响。如果债权人的利益不是必须通过恢复原状才能得到保护åQŒä¸ä¸€å®šé‡‡ç”¨æ¢å¤åŽŸçŠ¶ã€‚当然如果债务人已¾låï–行的部分åQŒå¯¹å€ºæƒäººæ ¹æœ¬æ— æ„ä¹‰åQŒå¯ä»¥è¯·æ±‚恢复原状ã€?/p><p><br style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;"/></p><p style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;">所谓根据合同性质åQŒæ˜¯æŒ‡æ ¹æ®åˆåŒæ ‡çš„的属性。标的的属性是不可能或者不å®ÒŽ˜“恢复原状的,ž®×ƒ¸éœ€è¦æ¢å¤åŽŸçŠ¶ã€‚è¿™¾cÀLƒ…况较多地发生在:</p><p><br style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;"/></p><p style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;">åQ?åQ‰ä»¥è¡Œäؓ为标的的合同。如力_Š¡åˆåŒåQŒå¯¹äºŽå·²¾låï–行的力_Š¡åQŒä¹Ÿå¾ˆéš¾ç”¨åŒæ ïLš„力_Š¨è€…和同质量的力_Š¡˜q”还ã€?/p><p><br style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;"/></p><p style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;">åQ?åQ‰ä»¥ä½¿ç”¨æ ‡çš„为内容的˜qžç®‹ä¾›åº”合同。如水、电、气的供应合同,昄¡„¶å¯¹ä»¥å¾€çš„供应不可能恢复原状åQ›ç§ŸèµåˆåŒä¸€æ–¹åœ¨ä½¿ç”¨æ ‡çš„后,也不能就已经使用的部分作å‡ø™¿”˜q˜ã€?/p><p><br style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;"/></p><p style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;">åQ?åQ‰æ¶‰åŠç¬¬ä¸‰äh利益的合同。如合同的标的物所有权已经转让¾l™ä»–人,如果˜q”还会损害第三äh的利益;解除委托合同åQŒå¦‚果允许已¾låŠžç†çš„委托事务恢复原状åQŒå°†ä½¿å§”托äh与第三äh发生的法律关¾pÕd¤±æ•ˆï¼Œä½¿ç¬¬ä¸‰äh的利益受损。所谓恢复原çŠÓž¼Œæ˜¯æŒ‡å½“事人应ž®†æ ‡çš„物恢复到订立合同前的状态。恢复原状是合同解除å…ähœ‰æº¯åŠåŠ›æ‰€è¡¨çŽ°çš„效力,是双方当事ähåŸÞZºŽåˆåŒå‘生的债务全部免除的必然结果。恢复原状只发生于合同部分或者全部åï–行的情况。如果合同没有开始åï–行,ž®Þp°ˆä¸ä¸Šæ¢å¤åŽŸçŠ¶çš„问题,因äؓ合同订立以后的状态和合同订立以前的状态基本一致。恢复原状还要“根据åï–行情况和合同性质”,˜q™æ˜¯æŒ‡ä»ŽåˆåŒçš„实际情况和标的物的性质来看是否能够恢复到订立合同前的状态ã€?/p><p><br style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;"/></p><p style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;">恢复原状的效果因合同标的物的性质不同而有下列不同åQšï¼ˆ1åQ‰åœ¨åŽŸäº¤ä»˜çš„标的物存在时åQŒè‡ªç„¶è¦˜q”还原物åQ›é™¤˜q”还原物外,˜q˜åº”当补偿因˜q”还原物所支付的费用,如果˜q”还的是能äñ”生孳息的物,å­Ïx¯åº”当随主物一赯‚¿”˜q˜ã€‚(2åQ‰åœ¨åŽŸç‰©ä¸å­˜åœ¨æ—¶åQŒå¦‚原物是种¾cȝ‰©åQŒå¯ä»¥åŒä¸€¿Uç±»çš„物˜q”还。在有些情况下是不能恢复原状的,例如åQŒåŽŸç‰©æ˜¯ç‰¹å®šç‰©è€Œç­å¤±ï¼Œåˆå¦‚åQŒæä¾›åŠ³åŠ¡æˆ–者ä‹É用物品作为合同的¾l™ä»˜åQŒåœ¨˜q™æ ·çš„情况下如果合同解除有溯及力åQŒåªèƒ½é‡‡å–赔偿损失或者其他补救措施,而不能恢复原状ã€?/p><p><br style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;"/></p><p style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;">二、合同解除与损害赔偿</p><p><br style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;"/></p><p style="text-indent: 2em; text-align: left;">我国法律承认合同解除与损完™µ”偿åƈ存。《民法通则》第115条规定:“合同的变更或者解除,不媄响当事äh要求赔偿损失的权利。”我国《合同法》第97条规定,合同解除后,当事人有权要求赔偿损失。之所以这栯‚§„定,是因为:åQ?åQ‰åˆåŒè§£é™¤ä¸æº¯åŠæ—¢å¾€çš„,如果只是使未履行的合同不再åï–行,不得è¯äh±‚赔偿损失åQŒé‚£ä¹ˆä¸€æ–¹å½“事äh因另一方当事äh不åï–行合同或者不适当履行合同受到的损宛_°±æ— æ³•è¡¥æ•‘。(2åQ‰åˆåŒè§£é™¤æº¯åŠæ—¢å¾€çš„,如果只是恢复原状åQŒåˆ™éžè¿¾U¦æ–¹å› ç›¸ä¿¡åˆåŒèƒ½å¤Ÿåï–行而作准备所支出的äh力、物力,以及为恢复原状而支出的费用ž®±å¾—不到补偿。(3åQ‰åè®®è§£é™¤åˆåŒçš„情况下,一方当事äh因解除合同少受了损失åQŒå¦‚果受益的一方不赔偿å¯ÒŽ–¹å½“事人因解除合同受到的损宻I¼Œä¸ç¬¦åˆå…¬òq›_ŽŸåˆ™ã€‚(4åQ‰åœ¨å› ç¬¬ä¸‰äh的过错致使债务äºÞZ¸èƒ½åï–行而解除合同的情况下,债权äºÞZ¸èƒ½ç›´æŽ¥å‘½W¬ä¸‰äºÞZ¸»å¼ æƒåˆ©ï¼Œåªèƒ½ç”±å€ºåŠ¡äººå‘½W¬ä¸‰äºø™¦æ±‚赔偿,如果债务人取得了½W¬ä¸‰äººçš„赔偿而又不承担解除合同的赔偿责ä“QåQŒç­‰äºŽå–得了双重利益åQŒè€Œå€ºæƒäººå´è¦è‡ªå·±æ‰¿æ‹…责任,˜q˜æ˜¯ä¸å…¬òq³çš„åQŒä‹É债权人的利益得不åˆîC¿éšœã€‚因此,不能因合同解除而免除债务人应负的赔偿责ä“Qã€?/p><p><br style="text-indent: 2em; 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